Spasticity is a disorder where there is a strange expansion in muscle tone or solidness of muscle, which may meddle with movement, speech, or be related to distress or pain. Spasticity is caused by damage to nerve pathways inside the brain or spinal cord that control and regulate muscle movement. It might occur with spinal cord injury, Multiple Sclerosis (MS), stroke, brain injury, cerebral palsy, head injury, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, hereditary spastic paraplegias, and metabolic sicknesses, for example, adrenoleukodystrophy, phenylketonuria, and Krabbe illnesses.
Symptoms may incorporate hypertonicity (expanded muscle tone), clonus (a progression of quick muscle contractions), exaggerated profound tendon reflexes, muscle cramp, scissoring (involuntary intersection of the legs), and rooted or fixed joints (contractures). The level of spasticity fluctuates from gentle muscle stiffness to severity, excruciating, and wild muscle fits. Spasticity can meddle with restoration in patients with specific disorders, and frequently interferes with day-to-day exercises.
Spasticity is caused by improper signals originating from the central nervous system (spine and brain) to the muscles. This balance irregularity is often found in individuals with cerebral palsy, awful cerebral injury, MS, stroke, and spinal injury.
Treatment might incorporate medicines such as baclofen, diazepam, and clonazepam. Physical therapy regimens might incorporate stretching of muscles and scope of motion exercises to assist with the shortening of muscles and to lessen the severity of indications. Designated infusion of botulin toxin within muscles can serve to specifically debilitate these muscles to further the scope of movement and manage functionality. Surgery procedures might be prescribed for tendon discharge or to cut off the nerve-muscle pathway.